Apparently the Summer has arrived and after the horrific start to the year, this nice hot weather is being thoroughly enjoyed. But, people need to be careful! In Britain we are not used to these kind of temperatures for this long.
Heat exhaustion, Heat stroke and Sunburn are all common conditions that we expect to encounter at this time of year.
Heat Exhaustion happens when the core body temperature rises to above normal (about 37 degrees) to 40 degrees. Symptoms like profuse sweating, dizziness, nausea and vomiting, confusion and dark coloured urine are all indications that your casualty is suffering from Heat Exhaustion. Treatment is simple: get the casualty to a cool area, let them drink water, cool them down by sponging cool water on the skin and loosen any tight clothing.
Heat Stroke is when the body goes beyond exhaustion and the temperature of the core raises to over 40 degrees. At this temperature we are dealing with a medical emergency and an Ambulance must be called. Cells inside the body begin to break down and will cause organs to stop working. The symptoms are similar to heat exhaustion, however, a big indicator is the profuse sweating suddenly stops and muscle cramps may start. Treatment: again you should move the casualty in to a cool area, increase the airflow and give drinks . Shower the skin with cool (not cold) water and gently massage the skin to encourage circulation.
Sunburn is a burning of the skin caused by the radiation and ultraviolet light from the sun. It can cause blistering and pain in the skin and surrounding muscle. The treatment is simple. Run the affected area under cold running water for a minimum of 10 minutes. Cover the area with a sterile dressing or clingfilm and, if needed, seek medical advice.